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Breeding and Feeding Cichlids Tricks or tips about breeding cichlids, or ask questions to find a way to get your cichlids breeding. WHat are the best foods for you fish?

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Unread 08-16-2007, 9:24 PM   #1
Le0
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One question I get often is,

what temperature should I set my tank at to get my fish to breed?
Well I can only speak for

African Cichlids, those that are mouth brooders.

In my experience I find my fish spawn

best at 81-83 degrees F. My water temp fluctuates as most of ours does from night time to daytime

between 84 at the highest and 81 at its lowest. I use digital thermometers in all my tanks to help

keep accurate track of my temps.

I cant really give an scientific reason for why this

temp works best. I have done research and found that African's that I keep can be healthy in a

range from 76-83 degrees F. I started on the lower end, and had no luck until over a period of

months of slowly raising temps and watching my fish that I finally found the optimal temp for my

fish.

Id like to know if others out their breeding African mouth brooders use the same

temps or diff, and why they feel that the temp they use stimulates spawning
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Unread 08-17-2007, 12:50 AM   #2
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<!--quoteo

(post=6075:date=Aug 16 2007, 09:24 PM:name=Le0)--><div class='quotetop'>QUOTE(Le0 @ Aug

16 2007, 09:24 PM) <a href="index.php?act=findpost&pid=6075"><{POST_SNAP BACK}

></a></div><div class='quotemain'>One question I get often is, what temperature

should I set my tank at to get my fish to breed?...

In my experience I find my fish

spawn best at 81-83 degrees F...</div>
Remember that fish

don't have the thermostat thing we have to regulate their body temp. Their temp IS the water

tenp. Temps in the low to mid 80s may just offer a better balance for the metabolism of your fish.

If they feel better they probably eat better creating an optimum environment for health and

breeding.

My experience is that African cichlids can be successfully maintained at temps

from the high 50s to to high 80s but the breeding peaks at high 70s to mid 80s. At the low temps

the fish are alive but relatively inactive and with seemingly little interest in food or sex. Dan



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Unread 08-17-2007, 1:31 AM   #3
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I like to keep my

Cichlids at 76-78 degrees. I think that higher temperatures shorten the life span of your fish,

increase aggression and compromise your water conditions. I agree that once you get them down into

the low 70's the fish will tolerate it but spawning will nearly cease. I think I have good

success at this temperature, but diet and water conditions are probably more important. It is also

species specific as some can take the higher temps while others can't.



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Unread 08-17-2007, 7:17 AM   #4
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You specifically asked

about Africans. I tend to keep CA/SA and keep in the 74-78 range.

Anytime the temp

rises above 82F the bacteria counts in the water rise. As Pam said, I agree with her thoughts and

would like to add that the level of Dissolved Oxygen in the water drops dramatically in temps above

84F. Cooler water holds more oxygen.

If Africans can be maintained safely in the

60's to mid 80's I may try them in an outdoor pond I am building this spring.



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Unread 08-17-2007, 7:24 AM   #5
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Madagascan

Paretropleus will spawn in low 80s but frequency increases with higher temps. I think 85 degrees F

is optimum for the Paretropleus. I have never had spawns at less than 80 degrees.

Rift

lake cichilds spawn between 75-82 degrees in my fish room. I too suspect that cichlid's life

time is affected by temperatures. Do not have scientific evidence for this but will search and

report back.



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Unread 08-17-2007, 12:57 PM   #6
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Whoops, and I should clarify

that I am referring to the Cichlids from the Rift Lakes and Central Americans. There are

definitely cichlids from different habitats that would require higher temps, such as discus.

Cichlid Power!
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Unread 08-17-2007, 11:10 PM   #7
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I too agree with the fact of a

lower amount of dissolved oxygen in my tanks with this higher temp. This I found out the hard way

when I first began to ship fish and at the time did not know the proper techniques for shipping.

I find it even worse in my fry tanks, those at which I keep at 83-86 to speed their

metabolism and try to in turn speed growth. I have compensated the oxygen with providing almost

double the normal amount that an average hobbyist might use, by adding extra water circulation with

power heads and a larger air supply. IE. a 55GL tank I support with 100G air pump.

As

per aggression, most of my tanks are set for 1 colony of fish that are breeding, on average 4-6

females with 2 males. The second male helps my poor females from being chased too often by the

dominant male wanting to spawn more frequently then the female may wish to.

A higher

temp on water being a possible cause of a shorter life span is not something I have herd of before.

I will definitely do more research on this, for I would rather have a few less fry and a longer

life for my sweets

For my fry room I am currently upgrading my system to 1 blower unit.

I have only just recently started to do the plumbing for this
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